Israel is forever, how can you kill something that will never die?

Israel is forever, how can you kill something that will never die?  Video below. Found at ‘A solders mother’ blog‘ which everyone who would like to get a glimpse inside the head of a ‘proud’ occupier, squatter should read. She is a model psychopath “Israeli”. I don’t like promoting her blog yet she is really educational for the purpose of case study.  It’s mindbending. And in that vein, she should be famous.

She has two IDF sons she sings her praises to and oh isn’t it a shame they have to kill Palestinians, or whatever they have done to them. She takes from Golda Meir’s’, “we will never forgive them for making us kill their children” psycho mantra. If her sons have killed Palestinians she would be singing their praises, or at least defending them. Poor guys were forced to kill another “terrorist” Palestinian. They may be terrorists to these inbreds but they are the owners of the land and they have the deeds to prove it!  So who is really the terrorist?

Image result for israelites praised for killing palestinians

Who is the terrorist? This girl’s family have lived in the land of Palestine for centuries while the foreign occupying Zionists who killed her have been thieving, raping, torturing, destroying her homeland for 70 years.

Israelis are preoccupied with justifying themselves as a guilty person would, and trying to convince themselves and the world that Israel is here to stay. Because obviously they are insecure, as a thief is about his loot.

They spend their lives in occupied Palestine trying to defend their loot from the rightful owners no matter what it takes.  They have been part of a devilish Zionist gov brainwashing program since birth, I often don’t know if I hate them or feel sorry for them.  Mostly I just think of them as devils unless they wake up and’ turn’  like Miko Peled.

How many countries have to convince themselves that they are justified to exist?
This video is actually entertaining! Listen to the words.The message is that Jews have been persecuted and holocausted since biblical times but they will fight the world for Israel and win because they are strong and  united. Not taking into account that they are Ashkenazim Jews and no part of the ancient Hebrews. The Hebrew language imposed on first arrivals and their offspring, to replace the native Yiddish language, was to create the illusion they actually had a connection to the ancient Hebrews. They fool themselves!

Make the Desert Glow: Radioactive Weapons are Killing Civilians in Iraq

Remember: for ‘them’ it’s forever while for us it’s temporary

‘The birds have taken the worst beating of all, they have sensitive souls, which cannot take all this hideous noise and vibration. All the caged lovebirds have died from the shock of the blasts, while birds in the wild fly upside down and do crazy somersaults. Hundreds, if not thousands, have died in the orchard. Lonely survivors fly about in distracted fashion”.

“Ironically, the United States went into Iraq in 2003 with the claim that it wanted to destroy weapons of mass destruction. In turn, it was the United States that used weapons of mass destruction inside Iraq.

The United States dropped at least 116,000 kgs of DU ammunition during the bombing campaign of the 2003 Iraq War. At that time, A-10 fighter jets were used for these missions, the same planes used in Syria.”

“Everyone seems to be dying of cancer. Every day one hears about another acquaintance or friend of a friend dying.”

On Monday, February 20, US-led coalition fighter jets bombed al-Shefaa, a residential area in eastern Mosul (Iraq). Sources from a variety of perspectives say that several dozen civilians died in the raid and a large number were wounded.

The highest numbers are being quoted by the Islamic State’s Amaq News Agency, while the lower numbers come from al-Jazeera. The coalition commanders have not answered questions about the raids.

According to Airwars, a large number of civilians have been killed due to US-led coalition bombings that began in 2014. The total civilians killed range from 5,875 to 7,936, while those specifically killed by coalition airstrikes number between 2,405 and 3,517.

These are twice the number of civilians as killed by Russian airstrikes in Syria, according to Airwars figures.

The Iraqi military confirms that it has slowed down its advance into Mosul because it does not know how to fight ISIS without endangering the 750,000 civilians in the region.

The most recent UN situation report from Iraq counts 160,000 people already displaced as a result of the Mosul crisis. Low income levels, shortages of water, great threats because of the fighting – these define the situation for residents in and around Mosul.

A joint investigation by Airwars and Foreign Policy pushed the US military to confirm that in two incidents in 2015 the United States used depleted uranium (DU) shells against ISIS targets in Syria.

When Airwars’ Samuel Oakford asked the United States military whether it had used any DU in Syria, they first denied it, then finally admitted to its use earlier this month. DU ammunition was fired from A-10 aircraft against fuel tankers.

Strikingly, the A-10 aircraft normally carries high explosive incendiary (HEI) ammunition which, according to its manufacturer General Dynamics, ‘provides fragmentation and incendiary effects for use against personnel, trucks, ammunition storage and many other targets’.

The HEI would have been sufficient to destroy the fuel tankers, so that it was unnecessary to use DU – a radioactive substance – to contaminate parts of northern Syria.

Image result for postcards from Iraq

Make the Desert Glow.

At the same time as the US was using radioactive weapons in Syria, Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz said of ISIS – ‘We will carpet bomb them into oblivion. I don’t know if sand can glow in the dark, but we’re going to find out’.

This was plainly a reference to some kind of radioactive bombardment. It was precisely what the administration of Barack Obama had already been doing.

Not long after Cruz first made this comment – which became a standard for his stump speeches – Mark Halperin of Bloomberg asked another Republican presidential candidate, Donald Trump, whether he would go nuclear against ISIS.

‘Well, I’m never going to rule anything out’, replied Trump. When pushed by Chris Matthews of MSNBC on this issue, Trump said, ‘Somebody hits us within ISIS – you wouldn’t fight back with a nuke?’

Three generals who made their mark in Iraq between 1991 and 2008 now lead President Trump’s national security team. General James Mattis (Secretary of Defense), General John Kelley (Secretary of Homeland Security) and General H. R. McMaster (National Security Advisor) all led the US counter-insurgency operations in Iraq.

Of the three, General James Mattis had the closest relationship to the use of radioactive weapons in Iraq.

This was during the siege conducted by the United States against the city of Fallujah in 2004. To grasp the attitude of the US officers in this war, reflect for a minute on Mattis’ statement made in a 2003 speech to soldiers regarding how to comport themselves in Iraq, ‘Be polite, be professional, but have a plan to kill everybody you meet’.

Fallujah is one of the most forgotten contemporary US battlefields. In that battle to defeat the popular insurgency against the American occupation, the United States used chemical (white phosphorus) and radioactive (DU) weapons with great abandon. T

he fierceness of the war destroyed three quarters of the city and sent most of its population to the grave or into flight. At this time, General Mattis headed the 1st Marine Division that was key to the Fallujah war.

Ironically, the United States went into Iraq in 2003 with the claim that it wanted to destroy weapons of mass destruction. In turn, it was the United States that used weapons of mass destruction inside Iraq.

The United States dropped at least 116,000 kgs of DU ammunition during the bombing campaign of the 2003 Iraq War. At that time, A-10 fighter jets were used for these missions, the same planes used in Syria.

Strike logs released to George Washington University in 2013, shows that in the early months of the war (March-April 2003), DU ammunition was used against cars and trucks as well as buildings of all kinds.

The widespread use of these radioactive weapons across Iraq contaminated large swathes of the country. What transpired in Fallujah the next year was merely the continuation of what had become normal policy.

The data from that war has not been released as of yet. It would show that DU weapons were fired not only from A-10 jets, but also from tanks and other ground-based devices. These not only contaminated the soil, but also endangered US troops.

It is not as if the US military did not know that DU weapons are dangerous. The US Environmental Protection Agency calls these weapons ‘a radiation health hazard when inside the body’.

A 1975 US Air Force review suggested that these weapons not be used against troops, but only against ‘tanks, armored personnel carriers or other hard targets’.

This prohibition was routinely violated during the US War on Iraq. In 2003, the UK’s Royal Society of Medicine and the UN Environment Program warned against the use of such weapons.

None of these warnings were heeded. People like Mattis and Kelley had their fingers on the trigger. There is no available evidence that they cautioned against what is tantamount to a war crime.

Everyone Seems to be Dying of Cancer.

Evidence from Baghdad and Fallujah is compelling. Before she died of leukemia, artist Nuha al-Radi wrote, ‘Everyone seems to be dying of cancer. Every day one hears about another acquaintance or friend of a friend dying.

How many more die in hospitals that one does not know? Apparently, over 30 per cent of Iraqis have cancer, and there are a lot of kids with leukemia. The depleted uranium left by the US bombing campaign has turned Iraq into a cancer-infested country’.

Dr. Samira Allani, a pediatric specialist at the Fallujah General Hospital, sees the connection between Iraq and Japan – two countries struck hard by weapons of mass destruction.

The rate of children born with birth defects in Fallujah are much greater than that of children born – after 1945 – in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The dust from DU emits alpha radiation, which experts say is twenty times more dangerous than the gamma radiation from nuclear weapons. There was no dramatic mushroom cloud over Baghdad or Fallujah, but the smaller explosions might have been just as deadly.

Over the years, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) has pushed a non-binding resolution in the UN General Assembly against the use of DU ammunition. Both in 2012 and 2014, the overwhelming majority of the world’s states voted for a resolution brought by the NAM against DU weapons.

Both times the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Israel voted against the resolution. In December 2014, the NAM resolution came just as US A-10 fighter jets arrived in Kuwait to bomb ISIS targets in Syria and Iraq.

There was fear that the US would use DU weapons once more in the region. This fear, we now find, was not unwarranted. The US has said that it used DU twice. One should not be comforted by this number, since there might be other instances where DU was used in the last few years.

It would be naïve to assume that the United States and its coalition are not using DU weaponry in the fight against ISIS in Mosul and elsewhere. These are dangerous weapons, whose radioactivity lasts a very long time and damages societies for generations.

Statements by Trump and Cruz about the use of nuclear weapons and the lack of outrage against that shows how desensitized the population has become about violence against the brown bodies of West Asia.

And even against the ecology of the region. In her captivating memoir, Nuha al-Radi writes about fleeing into her family orchard when the US bombing of Iraq took place in 2003. ‘The birds have taken the worst beating of all’, she wrote.

‘They have sensitive souls, which cannot take all this hideous noise and vibration. All the caged lovebirds have died from the shock of the blasts, while birds in the wild fly upside down and do crazy somersaults. Hundreds, if not thousands, have died in the orchard. Lonely survivors fly about in distracted fashion’.

Whether Nuha, powerful artist that she was, wrote of the birds alone or wrote with allegory close to her pen is moot. Both the birds and Iraqis as well Syrians go about in a distracted fashion. Their lives continue to be turned askew by the hideous bombardment of this ongoing war.

Vijay Prashad is professor of international studies at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. He is the author of 18 books, including Arab Spring, Libyan Winter (AK Press, 2012), The Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South (Verso, 2013) and The Death of a Nation and the Future of the Arab Revolution (University of California Press, 2016). His columns appear at AlterNet every Wednesday.


Israel Disappears Babies!

It goes way back…

A distinctive feature of Jewish dress was the pointed or a funnel shaped hat worn by Khazar Jews throughout northern and western Europe. This baby eater ( Kindlifresser) is Khazar Jew statue in Bern, Switzerland built in 1546. Anti-antisemitism has always been a lie!

Government has declassified some 200,000 documents on the disappearance of thousands of babies after Israel’s founding.

Image result for operation magic carpet

Only white Khazar Jews are valued in the Khazar Zionist Israel, the rest are ‘extras’. We’re only talking about the creepiest place on earth!

Nazareth – Some 200,000 documents concerning the mysterious disappearance of thousands of babies in Israel’s early years were made public last week for the first time.

The Israeli government declassified the files, publishing them in an online archive, after decades of accusations that officials have been concealing evidence that many of the babies were stolen from their parents.

The families, most of them Jews from Arab countries recently arrived in Israel, fear the infants were handed over by hospitals and clinics to wealthy Jewish families in Israel and abroad.

Three official inquiries concluded instead that most of the babies died during a time of chaos after the state was founded in 1948, falling victim to disease or malnourishment.

But many of the families were never issued a death certificate or shown a grave. Other say healthy babies were snatched out of their hands by hospital staff and never returned to them.

Suspicions of a cover-up were heightened by the decision of the Kedmi inquiry, which published its findings in 2001, to place many case files and testimonies under lock for 70 years.

Inaugurating the digital archive last week, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the release of the documents marked a new era of transparency.

“Today, we correct a historic injustice,” he said. “With one touch of the keyboard”, the public would be able to trace what happened to each of the missing children.

However, campaigners for the families told Al Jazeera that Netanyahu’s claims were misplaced.

The most damning evidence had been “destroyed many years ago” by hospitals and welfare authorities before the Kedmi inquiry could examine it, said Naama Katiee, an activist with Amram, an association that campaigns on behalf of the families.

Amram has noted that a proportion of the files relating to missing children requested by the inquiry were never handed over, with officials often claiming at the last moment that the documents had been destroyed by fires or floods.

Katiee added that the inquiry examined the fate of only some 1,000 babies, a fraction of possibly as many as 8,000 children who disappeared in the first two decades after Israel’s creation in 1948. Amram has created an online database to identify new cases.
Grunbaum is pictured in the late 1950s with his adoptive parents [Courtesy of Gil Grunbaum]

Nurit Koren, who heads a group of legislators researching the missing children, told Israel’s Army Radio that there were another 200,000 documents – from the two investigative committees before the Kedmi inquiry – that had yet to be made public.

She pointed out that the archive covered only the period until 1954, even though the disappearances continued until the mid-1960s. “We are obliged to give these families answers,” she said.

As campaigners began the painstaking process of poring over the massive archive, much of the Israeli media were quick to declare no “smoking gun” had been found implicating the government in the children’s disappearances.

Katiee dismissed such expectations. “It is ridiculous to imagine that we would find an order in writing, telling hospitals to kidnap babies,” she told Al Jazeera.


Medieval description of a Salamander.   In literature and legend, the salamander is associated with fire. Salamanders were said to be intensely poisonous. And there’s that hat again.

But she said the testimonies that had been unearthed already painted a disturbing picture of systematic abuses, and a climate that permitted the taking of babies from poor immigrant families.

Most of the missing children were born to Jews who had recently arrived from Arab states and been placed in temporary absorption camps.

It is overdue for the parents to receive an apology from the state. The authorities must take responsibility for the crimes that were committed.

Naama Katiee, Amram activist

Yemeni families suffered the largest proportion of disappearances, with possibly as many as one in eight children under the age of four going missing in the state’s first six years.

Some 50,000 Yemeni Jews were airlifted to Israel in the state’s first 18 months alone. Significant numbers came from elsewhere in the region, including Iraq, Morocco, Tunisia and the Balkans.

Image result for operation magic carpet

Some of the testimonies suggest that Israeli officials regularly forced parents to hand over their babies against their will, failed to record names properly or tell parents where their children had been hospitalised, and put infants out for adoption when they were unclaimed.

Other evidence hints more openly at a trade in children.

In August, Al Jazeera published the disturbing case of one baby sold by a clinic in Haifa to Holocaust survivors in 1956.

Gil Grunbaum found out only by accident – and nearly 40 years after the event – that he had been secretly adopted. He managed to locate his biological mother, originally from Tunisia, after a three-year search and over the opposition of Israeli welfare authorities.

He told Al Jazeera: “The release of these documents is an important first step – not least because they prove the families were not hallucinating, as they have often been told. But there is much more the government can and should do. Public pressure will continue to grow for more answers.”

He said it was vital that the authorities urgently opened up the state’s adoption files from that period, so that people who suspected they had been put out for adoption could search for their biological families.

“Seventy years after the event, arguments about privacy and sensitivity no longer apply, especially when we know that crimes were committed,” he said. “It should not be possible still to hide behind a veil of secrecy.”

The families of the children have long claimed that their mistreatment stemmed from the endemic racism of Israel’s establishment towards Jews arriving from the Arab world, a group popularly referred to in Israel as the Mizrahim.

Most senior officials at that time were of European origin, known as the Ashkenazim. Records show Israel’s founders feared that the supposedly “backwards” Arab culture of the Mirzrahim would harm their new state.
In 1997, the Israeli media covered the reunion of one of the disappeared babies, Tzila Levine, with her biological mother [Courtesy of Amram]

Yael Tzadok, an Israeli journalist who investigated cases of missing children, has noted that the officials involved may have believed they were doing the infants a favour.

“By placing the children with Ashkenazi families, they could be saved – unlike their parents. They would be re-educated and made into suitable material for the new Zionist state,” she told Al Jazeera.

Tzachi Hanegbi, the minister put in charge of making the archive public, admitted that the Kedmi inquiry’s definitive finding that almost all the children died was not supported by the available evidence.

“The fact is that 1,000 children disappeared without graves, a reason of death, a funeral or a body,” he said.

Amram, however, believes there are far more cases than those cited by Hanegbi.

Several of the newly released testimonies confirm evidence published by Al Jazeera in August suggesting that Mizrahi children were taken from absorption camps or hospitals and put out for adoption.

They don’t have the courage to take responsibility for what happened. They are afraid that the guilt will stick to them, and that the state will be inundated with compensation claims.

Gil Grunbaum, secretly adopted

Yehudit Durani, who served as a nursery assistant in a camp south of Haifa, told Kedmi that children would regularly disappear, often following visits by American Jews.

She said the foreign visitors would play with the children and buy them dolls. The next day when she arrived at the camp she would be told a child was sick and had been hospitalised in Haifa.

Related image

Early warning of pedophiles?

“Many disappeared … every day, a child was missing,” she said. Referring to one infant, she added: “They sent him to Haifa. [But] he was healthy and ate supper and there was nothing wrong with him when he was with me.”

In other testimony, Miriam Adani recounted an admission from a doctor that he had transferred Mizrahi babies from the camps to wealthy families. The doctor reportedly said: “The Yemenites are ingrates. They lack feeling and don’t appreciate what has been done for them.”

In a letter from 1952 seen by the inquiry, a government legal adviser admits there were frequent complaints of “unsuitable treatment” by hospitals that gave up children “to all kinds of people for the purpose of adoption”.

Ruth Baruch, who founded an adoption service, told the inquiry that a former nurse in northern Israel had spoken on her deathbed about the abducted children. “Things were done, I know that things were done,” Baruch says she confessed. “I have to go to the next world clean.”

Some of the nurses’ testimonies paint a very different picture: of Mizrahi parents who failed to come to collect their children from the hospitals, or denied the children belonged to them when staff visited the camps.

In such cases, the babies were sent to care homes. “What happened to them next, I don’t know,” one nurse, Sarah Meller, told Kedmi.

Other testimonies, however, suggest that few precautions were taken to ensure parents in the camps knew where their children had been taken. Compounding the problem, the children’s names and identities were often not properly recorded.

One Haifa paediatrician, Rosa Amster, told Kedmi: “Names were a big problem. Every child had many names and we didn’t know what was the first name and what was the surname.”

The families have also noted that few of the recent immigrants could speak Hebrew and negotiate the complexities of Israel’s bureaucracy.

“Given that these events happened so long ago, and so many files were destroyed or later forged, we will probably never get the full picture,” Katiee said.

“But it is overdue for the parents to receive an apology from the state. The authorities must take responsibility for the crimes that were committed.”

According to Hanegbi, the government is considering setting up a DNA bank to help those who suspect they were secretly adopted find their parents.

Katiee said the government must also begin mapping the sites of graves to find out where the children were supposedly buried. “Then, the families can take a DNA sample and get a clear answer on whether their children really are buried there,” she said.

It was important for the families to have graves to visit and a place to grieve, she added.

Grunbaum said he doubted the government was ready yet to apologize.

“They don’t have the courage to take responsibility for what happened,” he said. “They are afraid that the guilt will stick to them, and that the state will be inundated with compensation claims.”


Arab countries, led by Egypt, have never accepted this Israeli nuclear monopoly, nor has Iran.

Iran and most Arab states believe that the creation of a NWFZ (Nuclear Weapons Free Zone) is a necessary first step toward a comprehensive peace. The denuclearization of the Middle East would eliminate what the Iranians and Arabs see as nuclear intimidation by Israel and would lead to broad regional arms-control measures and lay the foundations for lasting peace.

Since the first and only use of atomic bombs in 1945, the fear of nuclear-weapons proliferation has intensified. Many policy makers and scholars have argued that, without global efforts to stop or slow the process, dozens of countries will acquire a nuclear arsenal.

After lengthy and complicated negotiations, a majority of countries signed the NPT in 1968; the treaty entered into force two years later. Article VII states, “Nothing in this Treaty affects the right of any group of states to conclude regional treaties in order to assure the total absence of nuclear weapons in their respective territories.”1

This is particularly relevant to the Middle East. Israel, which has never signed the NPT, is believed to be the only nuclear power in the region. Arab countries, led by Egypt, have never accepted this Israeli nuclear monopoly, nor has Iran. Since the mid-1970s, they have sought, unsuccessfully, to pressure Israel to dismantle its nuclear arsenal, join the NPT and establish a Middle East nuclear-weapons-free zone (MENWFZ).

The Israeli Approach

Israel has always held a skeptical view of global arms-control and disarmament treaties. Instead, Israeli leaders have stressed that the proliferation of WMD in the Middle East will have to be dealt with in a regional framework. Five characteristics of the Israeli stand on the issue of a MENWFZ can be identified.

New York Times 1899. The colonization of Palestine was long planned before WW2 by the Zionist movement which most of the Jewish population had nothing to do with. They would not have migrated to the desert voluntarily so a ‘holocaust’ mostly made of myth was created to terrorize the Jews into migrating, feeling they had no alternative.

 First, the Holocaust LIE: the state of Israel was created following the Holocaust, when millions of Jews were killed by the Nazis.  This dramatic experience shaped the Israeli collective psyche, particularly in the first few decades after the formation of the state.

Israeli leaders believe that nuclear weapons will shield them from a future Holocaust; they see nuclear weapons as the last line of defense or as an “insurance policy” to guarantee their survival. The refusal of some regional states to recognize Israel feeds this belief and the need to maintain the “nuclear option.”

Second, Israeli leaders believe that their country’s nuclear deterrent should be seen as a stabilizing factor in the Middle East. They argue that Israel’s presumed nuclear capability has forced the nation’s adversaries to accept that it is there to stay.

Given Israel’s conventional military superiority and its nuclear arsenal, the Jewish state has become an indispensable part of the Middle East landscape. This conventional and unconventional strength, the argument goes, has forced the Arabs to come to the negotiating table and reduced incentives for an all-out war.

Third, Israeli policy has been able to maintain a monopoly over the “nuclear option,” to deny its adversaries such capabilities (the so-called Begin Doctrine). To achieve this, Israel has employed diplomatic and military pressure against potential nuclear proliferators.

This pressure culminated in the attacks that destroyed Iraqi nuclear facilities in 1981 and Syria’s nuclear reactor in 2007. Despite Iran’s claims that its nuclear program is for civilian energy production, Israel is widely believed to be behind the assassination of a number of Iranian nuclear scientists.

Fourth, Israel has been hesitant to fully endorse the global nonproliferation regime. It has “never placed its Dimona nuclear facility under the IAEA safeguards, nor has it since 1970 allowed any other type of inspection visits to that site.”

Israel has not signed the NPT or the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), and although it did sign the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), it has not ratified either. Despite this hesitancy, Israeli analysts argue that the nation has abided by the norms and rules of the global nonproliferation regime.

Fifth, Israeli leaders have repeatedly confirmed that a comprehensive peace between Israel and all Arab states and Iran is a prerequisite to joining a NWFZ. Israel, they insist, will not give up its “nuclear option” unless all its neighbors recognize and establish diplomatic and commercial ties with the Jewish state.

Peace treaties would not be sufficient; rather, complete normalization of relations is a necessity to assure the Israelis that they have been fully accepted by their neighbors.

These characteristics of the Israeli stance on nuclear proliferation suggest that the country is unlikely to relinquish its nuclear arsenal and join the NPT and the nonproliferation regime any time soon. The few statements made by Israeli leaders regarding nuclear weapons indicate a strong perceived connection between their nation’s survival and the maintenance of a nuclear-weapons capability.

The Arab/Iranian Approach

While there is no united Arab/Iranian approach on the creation of a MENWFZ, Iran and most Arab states share the following sentiments.

First, the Arabs and Iranians do not see the Israeli nuclear arsenal as a “weapon of last resort” or an “insurance policy” to ensure the survival of the Jewish state. Rather, military asymmetry and Tel Aviv’s nuclear capability are seen in Tehran and most of the Arab capitals as enforcing the occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories.

Second, Iran and many Arab governments view the Israeli nuclear arsenal as a primary threat to the region’s security and a key factor in its instability. The fact that Israel is the only (presumed) nuclear power in the region underscores and feeds a sense of Arab and Iranian technological and military inferiority.

Third, Iran and many Arab governments accuse Western powers of applying a double standard in regard to nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. In Arab and Iranian eyes, the United States and major European powers have allowed, and even helped, Israel to acquire nuclear weapons but have strongly resisted any attempt by Iran or Arab states to develop a similar capability.

Many Arab officials have argued that, as long as Israel maintains its “nuclear option,” Iran and other regional powers will have incentives to seek one. The most effective way to deal with Iran’s nuclear ambition, some Arabs argue, is to “pressure” Israel to dismantle its nuclear weapons and join the NPT.

Fourth, several Arab countries have unsuccessfully sought to buy or build nuclear weapons. In order to maximize international pressure on Israel, Iran and all Arab states signed and ratified the NPT, leaving Israel as the only nonsignatory in the region. Furthermore, Egypt, a leading Arab state and a close ally of the United States, has championed Arab efforts to resist an Israeli nuclear monopoly.

For several years, Egyptian leaders called upon other Arab states not to sign the CWC until Israel joined the NPT. These efforts have largely failed. Most Arab states and Iran have signed and ratified both the CWC and the BTWC.

Fifth, Iran and most Arab states believe that the creation of a NWFZ is a necessary first step toward a comprehensive peace. The denuclearization of the Middle East would eliminate what the Iranians and Arabs see as nuclear intimidation by Israel and would lead to broad regional arms-control measures and lay the foundations for lasting peace.